Linux Bluetooth

From Variscite Wiki

Bluetooth boot messages

During boot the following Bluetooth kernel messages are received:

# dmesg | grep -i Bluetooth
Bluetooth: Core ver 2.18
Bluetooth: HCI device and connection manager initialized
Bluetooth: HCI socket layer initialized
Bluetooth: L2CAP socket layer initialized
Bluetooth: SCO socket layer initialized
Bluetooth: HCI UART driver ver 2.2
Bluetooth: HCI H4 protocol initialized
Bluetooth: HCI BCSP protocol initialized
Bluetooth: HCIATH3K protocol initialized
Bluetooth: RFCOMM TTY layer initialized
Bluetooth: RFCOMM socket layer initialized
Bluetooth: RFCOMM ver 1.11
Bluetooth: BNEP (Ethernet Emulation) ver 1.3
Bluetooth: BNEP filters: protocol multicast
Bluetooth: BNEP socket layer initialized
Bluetooth: HIDP (Human Interface Emulation) ver 1.2
Bluetooth: HIDP socket layer initialized

Device identification

After the File system is up 'hciconfig' should show the connected bluetooth module.

# hciconfig hci0 up
# hciconfig
hci0:   Type: BR/EDR  Bus: UART
        BD Address: 64:A3:CB:5B:69:F0  ACL MTU: 1021:8  SCO MTU: 64:1
        RX bytes:1772 acl:0 sco:0 events:69 errors:0
        TX bytes:1152 acl:0 sco:0 commands:65 errors:0

The hcitool can be used to show the Bluetooth MAC address of the Bluetooth module with the respective hci connection.

# hcitool dev
        hci0    64:A3:CB:5B:69:F0

Type help to show commands.

# hcitool --help

Managing bluetooth

You can manage bluetooth with bluetoothctl, type 'bluetoothctl' and enter the interface. Type help to show commands.
For connecting a device do the following:

# bluetoothctl
[bluetooth]# power on
[bluetooth]# agent off
[bluetooth]# agent on
[bluetooth]# default-agent
[bluetooth]# pairable on

Push the connect button in the device

[bluetooth]# scan on

Copy mac address

[bluetooth]# scan off
[bluetooth]# pair <mac address>

Approve pairing on Device if required

[bluetooth]# trust <mac address>
[bluetooth]# connect <mac address>
[bluetooth]# quit

For example when connecting a microsoft bluetooth mouse the following is done:

# bluetoothctl
[NEW] Controller 50:72:24:11:EF:B0 BlueZ 5.28 [default]
[bluetooth]# power on
Changing power on succeeded
[bluetooth]# default-agent
No agent is registered
[bluetooth]# pairable on
Changing pairable on succeeded
[bluetooth]# scan on
Discovery started
[CHG] Controller 50:72:24:11:EF:B0 Discovering: yes
[NEW] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 Microsoft Bluetooth Notebook Mouse 5000
[bluetooth]# scan off
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 RSSI is nil
Discovery stopped
[CHG] Controller 50:72:24:11:EF:B0 Discovering: no
[bluetooth]# pair 00:1D:D8:39:93:46
Attempting to pair with 00:1D:D8:39:93:46
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 Connected: yes
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 Modalias: usb:v045Ep0700d0100
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 UUIDs:
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 Paired: yes
Pairing successful
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 Connected: no
[bluetooth]# trust 00:1D:D8:39:93:46
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 Trusted: yes
Changing 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 trust succeeded
[bluetooth]# connect 00:1D:D8:39:93:46
Attempting to connect to 00:1D:D8:39:93:46
[CHG] Device 00:1D:D8:39:93:46 Connected: yes
[bluetooth]# hid-generic 0005:045E:0700.0001: unknown main item tag 0x0
input: Microsoft Bluetooth Notebook Mouse 5000 as /devices/soc0/soc.0/2100000.aips-bus/21e8000.serial/tty/ttymxc1/hci0/hci0:1/0005:045E:0700.0001/input/input1
Connection successful
[bhid-generic 0005:045E:0700.0001: input: BLUETOOTH HID v1.00 Mouse [Microsoft Bluetooth Notebook Mouse 5000] on 50:72:24:11:ef:b0
[bluetooth]# quit
[DEL] Controller 50:72:24:11:EF:B0 BlueZ 5.28 [default]