VAR-SOM-MX6 Yocto GS R5

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Revision as of 13:45, 11 July 2014 by Oren (talk | contribs)
VAR-SOM-MX6 - Yocto fsl-L3.10.17_1.0.0 Dora R5 Beta1

1 Introduction

  • This Yocto Dora release is based on Freescale fsl-L3.10.17_1.0.0GA release.
  • Linux kernel: linux-imx_3.10.17_1.0.0_ga.
  • Uboot: u-boot-imx-2013.04.
  • Yocto Dora: Based on fsl-L3.10.17_1.0.0_iMX6qdls Freescale release (previous versions were based on the community release). Yocto Dora was re-structured as most of Variscite support code is located in meta-variscite folder.

2 Supported hardware and features

Feature
Description
Board support
VAR-DVK-MX6,VAR-SOM-MX6
CPU

i.MX6 Quad
i.MX6 Dual
i.MX6 Dual lite
i.MX6 Solo

Software platform

Yocto Dora release.
Freescale release version 4.1
Meta freescale community release for Dora

Nand Recovery
NAND Flash size support
0.5,1.0,2.0,4.0 GB
DDR size support configuration
Solo:0.5,1.0 GB DualLite: 1.0GB Dual: 0.5,1.0GB Quad: 1.0,2.0 GB
SD-Card
+
Ethernet
10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet
WLAN
802.11 b/g/n
Bluetooth
4.0
CAN bus
+
I2C
+
SPI
+
USB host
+
USB OTG
Device only. Host will be supported on next release
Uarts
x3, up to 3.6 Mbps. Minicom avilable to use with the port
RTC
+
Display HDMI 720P,1080P LVDS0 (On board LVDS to RGB bridge, EVK supports 800x480 resolution) LVDS1 external display
Audio Line IN/ Line out
Camera ov5640 camera sensor. CB402 board can be purchased separately
SATA +

Variscite Yocto Dora release 2 for Freescale i.MX6 version 4.1.

3 Installing required packages

Follow the link below and install all the required packages on your machine.

www.yoctoproject.org/docs/latest/yocto-project-qs/yocto-project-qs.html

For example, if your building machine is an Ubuntu machine:

sudo apt-get install gawk wget git-core diffstat unzip texinfo build-essential chrpath libsdl1.2-dev xterm

Variscite Yocto build is tested with Ubuntu 12.04 lts.

4 Get Yocto Dora for i.MX6 with Variscite VAR-SOM-MX6 support

Use  "repo" to fetch Yocto and apply Variscite's patches for the BSP support.

Install the `repo` utility:

$ mkdir ~/bin (this step may not be needed if the bin folder already exists)
$ curl http://commondatastorage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > ~/bin/repo
$ chmod a+x ~/bin/repo
Add the following line to the .bashrc file to ensure that the ~/bin folder is in your PATH variable
$ export PATH=~/bin:$PATH
NOTE:
we uploaded as a reference the repo we used.

Clone Yocto Dora from github.

$ cd ~
$ mkdir var-som-mx6-dora-v5
$ cd var-som-mx6-dora-v5
$ git config --global user.name "Your Name"
$ git config --global user.email "Your Email"
$ repo init -u git://git.freescale.com/imx/fsl-arm-yocto-bsp.git -b imx-3.10.17-1.0.0_ga
$ repo sync

Download var_yocto_v5b1.tar.bz2 from Variscite's FTP.

$ tar xvf var_yocto_v5b1.tar.bz2
$ variscite/install
Comment:
This method will keep the git repositories. It will enable you to track Variscite and your changes.

5 Setup and Customize your Yocto build

Setup the environment and use build_var folder

$ . ./setup-environment build_var
Comment:
If you close your terminal and want to build Yocto you should change directory to ~var-som-mx6-dora-v3 and run the above command again. build_var is your build directory and all bitbake commands should run from it

5.1 local.conf customizations

Edit you local.conf file:

$ gedit conf/local.conf 

Change your SOM version, parallel build and download directory:

5.1.1 Select VAR-SOM_MX6 SOM version

One of:
MACHINE ??= 'varsomimx6q'
MACHINE ??= 'varsomimx6q2'
MACHINE ??= 'varsomimx6dl'
MACHINE ??= 'varsomimx6solo'

5.1.2 Parallel build

Set the build parameters to fully utilize your host machine BB_NUMBER_THREADS = '4'
PARALLEL_MAKE = '-j 6' BB_NUMBER_THREADS should be your host machine's number of threads minus 2 or same. PARALLEL_MAKE should be the number of threads your host machine has plus two.

5.1.3 Download directory.

Recommended to save download time and space. DL_DIR = "/home/<uname>/yocto_dl"

6 Build your image

$ bitbake var-image-x11 

Other image build options:

image name
description
core-image-base
A console-only image that fully supports the target device hardware.
var-image-test
Builds contents core-image-base plus Freescale test applications and multimedia components.
var-image-x11
Builds contents of core-image-sato with Freescale test applications and multimedia with hardware accelerated X11

The resulted images are in tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q.
Looking at tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q you will find 6 main files that are linked to the actual file

Image Name
How to use
var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.ext3
Not in Use
var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.sdcard

Flash into SD-card and use boot select to boot from.

$ sudo dd if=tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q/var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.sdcard of=/dev/devxxx bs=1024k

Build u-boot out of tree for mmc as explained below and

$ sudo dd if=u-boot.imx of=/dev/devxxx bs=512 seek=2; sync

devxxx = mmcblk0 or sdX. Do dmesg after you insert an SD-Card into your build system to figure out the device name

Comment:
Use "$ sudo gparted /dev/devxxx"
  • Lable the second partition and call it "rootfs".
  • Increase the second partition to include all avilable sd-card space.
var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.tar.bz2

Used to create an NFS root file system on the host.

$ sudo mkdir ../rootfs
$ sudo rm -rf ../rootfs/*
$ sudo tar xvf tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q/var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.tar.bz2 -C ../rootfs

See apendix for setting an NFS server

var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.ubi

Use the sdcard created above. Copy the file into it and use the folwing commands to flash them into nand.
Coping files (mount the sd-card created above first):

$ sudo mkdir /media/rootfs/opt/images
$ sudo cp tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q/u-boot.imx /media/rootfs/opt/images
$ sudo cp tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q/uImage     /media/rootfs/opt/images
$ sudo cp tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q/uImage-imx6q-var-som-ldo.dtb /media/rootfs/opt/images/imx6q-var-som-ldo.dtb
$ sudo cp tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q/uImage-imx6q-var-som.dtb /media/rootfs/opt/images/imx6q-var-som.dtb
$ sudo cp tmp/deploy/images/varsomimx6q/var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.ubi /media/rootfs/opt/images
$ sudo umount /media/rootfs
$ sudo umount /media/BOT_varsomi

Flashing on target:

$ flash_eraseall /dev/mtd0
$ kobs-ng init -x /opt/images/u-boot.imx  --search_exponent=1 -v
$ nandwrite -p /dev/mtd0 -s 0x1e0000 /opt/images/imx6q-var-som.dtb 
$ flash_eraseall /dev/mtd2
$ nandwrite -p /dev/mtd2 /opt/images/uImage
$ flash_eraseall /dev/mtd3
$ ubiformat /dev/mtd3 -f /opt/images/var-image-x11-varsomimx6q.ubi -s 2048 -O 2048
uImage
u-boot.imx


7 U-Boot options

By default all images are built for NAND-based U-Boot. If you want to change the setting to build SD-Card images, change the board file.

under ~/var_yocto/sources/meta-fsl-arm-extra/conf/machine you will find Variscite board definitions.

varsommx6q.conf
varsommx6solo.conf
varsommx6dual.conf

Edit you specifc board and change UBOOT_MACHINE according to the folowing table.

Definition
Built for
mx6q_var_som_config
VAR-SOM-MXQ/D 1GB DDR,  boot from MMC
mx6q_2g_var_som_config
VAR-SOM-MXQ/D 2GB DDR,  boot from MMC
mx6d_0_5g_var_som
VAR-SOM-MXD 0.5GB DDR,  boot from MMC
mx6dl_var_som_config
VAR-SOM-MXDL, 1.0 GB DDR     boot from MMC
mx6solo_var_som_config
VAR-SOM-MXSolo, 0.5 or 1.0 GB DDR boot from MMC
mx6q_var_som_nand_config
VAR-SOM-MXQ/D,  boot from NAND
mx6q_2g_var_som_nand_config
VAR-SOM-MXQ/D 2GB DDR,  boot from NAND
mx6d_0_5g_var_nand_som
VAR-SOM-MXD 0.5GB DDR,  boot from NAND
mx6dl_var_som_nand_config
VAR-SOM-MXDL,1.0 GB DDR     boot from NAND
mx6solo_var_som_nand_config
VAR-SOM-MXSolo, 0.5 or 1.0 GB DDR boot from NAND

8 Toolchain

Build the toolchain by:

$ bitbake meta-ide-support
$ bitbake meta-toolchain

The output will be located at tmp/deploy/sdk/. On a 64 bit Ubuntu you will get:

poky-eglibc-x86_64-meta-toolchain-cortexa9hf-vfp-neon-toolchain-1.5.sh.

Install the tools by running:

$ tmp/deploy/sdk/poky-eglibc-x86_64-meta-toolchain-cortexa9hf-vfp-neon-toolchain-1.5.1.sh

The toolchain name depend on your build machine and may change.

9 Build Linux out of Yocto tree

Prepare the Linux kernel

$ bitbake -c cleansstate linux-variscite
$ bitbake -c devshell linux-variscite 

This will open a new shell at ...tmp/work/varsommx6q-poky-linux-gnueabi/linux-variscite/3.0.35-r0/git#

Copy the Linux kernel to a new folder

$ mkdir ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/linux-imx
$ cp -a * ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/linux-imx
$ exit

change dir into the new Linux kernel folder

$ cd ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/linux-imx

Set the tools path:

$ export PATH=/opt/poky/1.5.1/sysroots/x86_64-pokysdk-linux/usr/bin:/opt/poky/1.5.1/sysroots/x86_64-pokysdk-linux/usr/bin/cortexa9hf-vfp-neon-poky-linux-gnueabi:$PATH

Clean the Linux kernel:

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- mrproper

Configure the Linux kernel:

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- var_som_mx6_defconfig

Change configuration if required:

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- menuconfig

Build the Linux kernel:

$ make -j6 ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- uImage
$ make -j6 ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- modules

The best practice of testing the new Linux kernel is using TFTP&NFS. Described in the apendix.

$ cp arch/arm/boot/uImage /tftpboot

Install the Linux modules into the rootfs file system

$ sudo make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- modules_install INSTALL_MOD_PATH=../rootfs

10 Build U-Boot out of Yocto tree

Prepare the U-Boot boot loader

$ bitbake -c cleansstate u-boot-variscite
$ bitbake -c devshell u-boot-variscite 

This will open a new shell at ...tmp/work/varsommx6q-poky-linux-gnueabi/linux-variscite/3.0.35-r0/git#

Copy the U-Boot boot loader to a new folder

$ mkdir ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/uboot-imx
$ cp -a * ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/uboot-imx
$ exit

change dir into the new u-boot folder

$ cd ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/uboot-imx

set the tools path if required

$ export PATH=/opt/poky/1.5.1/sysroots/x86_64-pokysdk-linux/usr/bin:/opt/poky/1.5.1/sysroots/x86_64-pokysdk-linux/usr/bin/cortexa9hf-vfp-neon-poky-linux-gnueabi:$PATH

Clean the U-Boot

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- mrproper

Configure the U-Boot boot loader

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- mx6q_var_som_nand_config

Build the U-Boot boot loader

$ make -j6 ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- 

Use our NAND-recovery sd-card to burn your u-boot to the NAND-Flash.

In case you build an sd-card version use

sudo dd if=u-boot.bin of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=512 seek=2 skip=2 conv=fsync

Set the /dev/mmcblk0 according to you host sd-card device.

11 Creating a recovery SD-Card

Comment:
we use Ubuntu 12.04 mount convention and a laptop media name. "/media/var_som_mx6_rf" and "/dev/mmcblk0" are widely used in this section.
You should be aware of this and change the media name to you host machine name.

Create a new folder:

$ mkdir ~/my_recovery_sd
$ cd ~/my_recovery_sd

Insert Variscite recovery SD-Card version 19 into your host machine.

Copy the recovery folder from the SD-Card into your local folder:

$ sudo cp -a /media/var_mx6_<x>/opt/recovery ./
$ sudo cp /media/var_mx6_<x>/sbin/nand-recovery.sh ./

Update your local folder with the files you created during the Yocto build:

$ sudo cp ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/build_mx6q/tmp/deploy/images/varsommx6q/fsl-image-gui-varsommx6q.ubi recovery/Yocto/rootfs.ubi.img
$ sudo cp ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/build_mx6q/tmp/deploy/images/varsommx6q/fsl-image-gui-varsommx6q.tar.bz2 recovery/Yocto/rootfs.tar.bz2
$ sudo cp ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/build_mx6q/tmp/deploy/images/varsommx6q/uImage recovery/Yocto/uImage
$ sudo cp ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/build_mx6q/tmp/deploy/images/varsommx6q/u-boot.bin recovery/Yocto/u-boot.bin 

Copy the SD-Card image from your Yocto build folder to the local recovery folder:

$ sudo cp ~/var-som-mx6-dora-v4/build_mx6q/tmp/deploy/images/varsommx6dual/fsl-image-gui-varsommx6dual.sdcard ./

Build U-Boot for SD-Card. Follow the "Build U-Boot out of Yocto tree" section.

Configure U-Boot with:

$ make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- mx6q_var_som_config

Build U-Boot:

$ make -j6 ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-poky-linux-gnueabi- 

Copy U-Boot from your U-Boot build folder to the local recovery folder:

$ cp u-boot.bin ~/my_recovery_sd

From ~/my_recovery_sd folder

Unmount your SD-Card.

Build the SD-Card. First flash the SD-Card image and U-Boot.

$ sudo dd if=fsl-image-gui-varsommx6q.sdcard of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=1M
$ sudo dd if=u-boot.bin of=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=512 seek=2 skip=2 conv=fsync
$ sync

Set the SD-Card label:

$ Sudo apt-get install gparted
$ sudo gparted
Set the label to var_som_mx6_rf

Mount the SD-Card. You can simply remove it and inster it again to your host machine.

Copy all files from the recovery folder on your host machibe into the SD-Card:

$ sudo cp -a recovery/ /media/var_som_mx6_rf/opt/
$ sudo cp nand-recovery.sh /media/var_som_mx6_rf/sbin/
$ sudo rm /media/var_som_mx6_rf/var/lib/alsa/asound.state 

If you want you can back up your new SD-Card image:

Un mount the SD-Card

$ sudo dd of=mx6qd-som-nand-recovery-sd.v19.img if=/dev/mmcblk0 bs=1M 
Comment:
I used "/dev/mmcblk0" as the SD-Card device name. You should replace it with your own SD-Card device name.

12 Useful Bitbake commands

Bitbake Cheat Sheet

Useful bitbake commands

i.MX Yocto Project: ltib versus bitbake