Personal tools

DART-MX8M SPI

From Variscite Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search


DART-MX8M SPI


In this example we will show how to configure and test SPI1 on DART-MX8M. The SPI pins on external connector J16 are used for SPI loopback test.

1 Kernel configuration

Verify that the i.MX SPI driver (CONFIG_SPI_IMX) is enabled in your kernel configuration:

  • In menuconfig: Device Drivers -> SPI support -> <*> Freescale i.MX SPI controllers

Verify that the User mode SPI driver (CONFIG_SPI_SPIDEV) is enabled in your kernel configuration:

  • In menuconfig: Device Drivers -> SPI support -> <*> User mode SPI device driver support

2 Device Tree configuration

The default DART-MX8M SPI configuration is for resistive touch controller on CS0. For the purpose of loop back test the configuration should be modified to use different CS line.

2.1 Add spidev node

Edit arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-common.dtsi, modify cs-gpios property and add spidev node.
GPIO1_12 will be used in this example to control SPI CS0.

&ecspi1 {
	#address-cells = <1>;
	#size-cells = <0>;
 	pinctrl-names = "default";
	pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_ecspi1>;
        cs-gpios = <&gpio1 12 0>;
        fsl,spi-num-chipselects = <1>;
	status = "okay";

        spidev@0 {
               compatible = "spidev";
               spi-max-frequency = <12000000>;
               reg = <0>;
        };
};

2.2 Configure SPI1 pins

&iomuxc {
	imx8m-var-dart {
                ...
		 pinctrl_ecspi1: ecspi1grp {
			fsl,pins = <
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SCLK_ECSPI1_SCLK		0x11
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MOSI_ECSPI1_MOSI		0x11
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MISO_ECSPI1_MISO		0x11
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SS0_GPIO5_IO9	        0x11
                                MX8MQ_IOMUXC_GPIO1_IO12_GPIO1_IO12	        0x11
			>;
		};
                ...
	};
};

3 Recompile the kernel

Compile the kernel (only if kernel configuration was changed) and device tree and update the SOM.

4 Compile SPI test application

There's an SPI test utility in the kernel source tree: tools/spi/spidev_test.c
To cross compile it, use the following command:

$ $CC ./tools/spi/spidev_test.c -o ./spidev_test

4.1 SPI 1 External Connector

SPI 1 will be accessible on the following EVK pins:

  • J16.2 - SPI1.SCLK
  • J16.4 - SPI1.SS0
  • J16.6 - SPI1.MOSI
  • J16.8 - SPI1.MISO

5 Run SPI Test

Copy spidev_test binary to DART-MX8M.
Loop SPI1.MOSI and SPI1.MISO by putting a jumper on J16.6 and J16.8
Configure GPIO5_9 (the default CS0 pin) as output with value 1 to prevent it from interfering with new CS0 pin

# echo 137 > /sys/class/gpio/export 
# echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio137/direction 
# echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio137/value 

Run SPI test tool

# ./spidev_test -v -D /dev/spidev0.0 

The output of successful test should look like this:

spi mode: 0x20
bits per word: 8
max speed: 500000 Hz (500 KHz)
TX | FF FF FF FF FF FF 40 00 00 00 00 95 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF F0 0D  | ......@....�..................�.
RX | FF FF FF FF FF FF 40 00 00 00 00 95 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF F0 0D  | ......@....�..................�.

6 Using multiple SPI CS lines

The i.MX8M SPI controllers support up to 4 chip select lines.
In the example below GPIO1_12 and GPIO1_15 are used to control CS0 and CS1 respectively.
When selecting CS GPIO pins make sure they are not used to control other peripherals.

&ecspi1 {
	#address-cells = <1>;
	#size-cells = <0>;
 	pinctrl-names = "default";
	pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_ecspi1>;
        cs-gpios = <&gpio1 12 0>,
                   <&gpio1 15 0>;
        fsl,spi-num-chipselects = <2>;
	status = "okay";

        chip1@0 {
               reg = <0>;
               ...
        };

        chip2@1 {
               reg = <1>;
               ...
        };
};
&iomuxc {
	imx8m-var-dart {
                ...
 		pinctrl_ecspi1: ecspi1grp {
			fsl,pins = <
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_SCLK_ECSPI1_SCLK		0x11
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MOSI_ECSPI1_MOSI		0x11
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_ECSPI1_MISO_ECSPI1_MISO		0x11
				MX8MQ_IOMUXC_GPIO1_IO12_GPIO1_IO12	        0x11
                                MX8MQ_IOMUXC_GPIO1_I015_GPIO1_IO15	        0x11
			>;
		};
                ...
	};
};