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DART-MX8M Display

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DART-MX8M Display


1 Introduction

1.1 MIPI-DSI, LVDS and HDMI

I.MX8M supports MIPI-DSI and HDMI displays. DART-MX8M can be optionally equipped with SN65DSI84 MIPI-DSI to LVDS bridge.
DART-MX8M carrier board comes with LVDS and HDMI connectors, so you can connect either LVDS or HDMI display.
Dual LVDS+HDMI display configuration is also supported.
Connecting MIPI-DSI display to DART-MX8M carrier board requires designing a custom connector.

1.2 DCSS vs LCDIF

i.MX8M comes with 2 display controllers: DCSS and LCDIF.
DCCS can be connected to either HDMI or MIPI-DSI and supports resolutions up to 4K.
LCDIF can be connected only to MIPI-DSI and supports resolutions up to 1080p.

2 Selecting display configuration

Selecting display configuration is a matter of selecting an appropriate DTB file.
All available DTB files are listed in the table below.

DTB File Name
Description
fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-emmc-wifi-hdmi.dtb Device tree blob for eMMC, WIFI and HDMI display configuration. SD card disabled.
fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-emmc-wifi-lvds.dtb Device tree blob for eMMC, WIFI and LVDS display configuration. SD card disabled.
fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-emmc-wifi-dual-display.dtb Device tree blob for eMMC, WIFI and dual LVDS+HDMI display configuration. SD card disabled.
fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-sd-emmc-hdmi.dtb Device tree blob for SD, eMMC and HDMI display configuration. WIFI disabled.
fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-sd-emmc-lvds.dtb Device tree blob for SD, eMMC and LVDS display configuration. WIFI disabled.
fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-sd-emmc-dual-display.dtb Device tree blob for SD, eMMC and dual LVDS+HDMI display configuration. WIFI disabled.


File /boot/fsl-imx8mq-var-dart.dtb is a symbolic link to the active DTB file. By default LVDS display is used.
For example, to select HDMI display in EMMC+WIFI configuration, run the following commands:

# cd /boot
# ln -fs fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-emmc-wifi-hdmi.dtb fsl-imx8mq-var-dart.dtb

Reboot is required for new configuration to take effect.

3 Setting HDMI display resolution

The default HDMI display resolution is 1080P. This setting is passed to the Linux kernel via "video" command line parameter.

To check the current resolution, use fbset command:

root@imx8m-var-dart:~# fbset

mode "1920x1080"
    geometry 1920 1080 1920 1080 32
    timings 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    accel true
    rgba 8/16,8/8,8/0,0/0
endmode

To modify HDMI display resolution use fw_setenv command to set "video" parameter in the u-boot environment.
For example, to set 4K@60fps resolution, run

# fw_setenv video HDMI-A-1:3840x2160-32@60

The setting will take effect after reboot.

4 Setting Weston desktop resolution

The default Weston desktop resolution is 1080P. This setting is independent of actual display resolution.
To modify Weston resolution, edit /etc/xdg/weston/weston.ini and set size parameter in shell section.
For example, to set 4K resolution

[shell]
size=3840x2160

For new setting to take effect restart weston by running

# systemctl restart weston

5 Dual display configuration

In dual display configuration Weston desktop is running on LVDS display and HDMI display is blank.
To play video on HDMI display the following command can be used:

# gplay-1.0 --video-sink=kmssink video.mp4

To play video on LVDS display the following command can be used:

# gplay-1.0 --video-sink=waylandsink video.mp4

6 Adding custom LVDS panel

DART-MX8M evaluation kit comes with 800x480 LCD panel. DART-MX8M DTS files were created with this panel in mind. To support your custom LVDS panel, you should make several modifications

The following code references Variscite panel in arch/arm64/boot/dts/freescale/fsl-imx8mq-var-dart-common.dtsi under kernel source tree

	dsi_lvds_bridge: sn65dsi84@2c {
		compatible = "ti,sn65dsi83";
		reg = <0x2c>;
		ti,dsi-lanes = <1>;
		ti,lvds-format = <1>;
		ti,lvds-bpp = <24>;
		ti,width-mm = <154>;
		ti,height-mm = <87>;
		enable-gpios = <&gpio2 11 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
		pinctrl-names = "default";
		pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_lvds>;
		status = "okay";

		display-timings {
			lvds {
				clock-frequency = <33000000>;
				hactive = <800>;
				vactive = <480>;
				hback-porch = <40>;
				hfront-porch = <40>;
				vback-porch = <29>;
				vfront-porch = <13>;
				hsync-len = <48>;
				vsync-len = <3>;
				hsync-active = <0>;
				vsync-active = <0>;
				de-active = <1>;
				pixelclk-active = <0>;
			};
		};
        ...
        };

You should modify "ti,dsi-lanes", "ti,lvds-format" "ti,lvds-bpp", "ti,width-mm", "ti,height-mm" and "display-timings" properties to match your panel specification and rebuild the DTB file.